A part of preventing heart disease and its progression entails monitoring blood cholesterol and other specific markers. It is also important to monitor blood sugar because elevated blood sugar is an early warning sign of diabetes, or pre-diabetes, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Diabetes is linked to metabolic syndrome, which can cause avoidable cardiovascular complications.
One of the most significant risk factors for heart disease is smoking and tobacco use. Chemicals in tobacco lead to a build-up of plaque and the narrowing of arteries, which in turn leads to development of hypertension. Toxins such as carbon monoxide replace oxygen in the blood, forcing the heart to work harder and consequently leading to high blood pressure.
Cholesterol itself is not bad, however the kid of cholesterol one ingests is important. Patients who need to lower their cholesterol should reduce saturated and trans fat intake. Ideally, only 5-6% of daily caloric intake should come from saturated fat. However, some people do have genetic predispositions that cause elevated cholesterol panels even with healthy diet. Patients with high cholesterol and high blood pressure levels should eat plenty of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and low-fat protein. It is also important to limit the intake of sweets, sugar-sweetened beverages, and red meat.
Patients with high blood pressure are recommended to lower their salt intake. It is important to consume no more than 2,400 mg of sodium a day, ideally reducing sodium intake to 1,500 mg a day. Stay away from processed foods, canned foods, and limit the eating out in restaurants to twice a week.
Regular physical activity helps lower cholesterol and blood pressure, thereby reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Engage in aerobic physical activity at least 3-4 times a week for at least 40 continuous minutes. If this is too difficult, simply adding a moderate 20 walking or jog will help lower cholesterol, improve joint and bone health, and help lower stress.
Relax! Stress is one of the leading causes of adverse cardiovascular events. There is a small, almond-shaped area deep inside the brain called the amygdala that is involved in processing intense emotions, such as anxiety, fear, and stress. Heightened activity in the amygdala raises blood pressure and contributes to heart attack and stroke risk. Ask about stress reduction and management techniques when you see your provider.
We offer a wide range of procedures to help you